Oozing enormous cultures and traditions in the air, Bihar is perhaps an ideal destination to explore the fervour of India. Boosting a unique melange of ancient civilization, religion and history, the state voices the rise and fall of some major Indian dynasties including the Mauryas, the Guptas and the Palas. It is also the birthplace of world's earliest university, making it a significant gem embedded in the crown of India.
Majority of the locals of Bihar are Hindus, with a minority practicing Islam. The locals of Bihar are deeply rooted to their traditions, reflecting in their day to day activities. Bihar is also known as the originator of Buddhism and India’s oldest dynasties including the Mauryas. The locals are extremely welcoming and are great source to delve deeper into this vibrant state of India.
Bihar is perhaps the best destination for those wishing to walk down the memory lanes of India. Visit the Nalanda University, the first residential university ever on the planet. Also, Bodhi Tree in Bodhgaya's Mahabodhi Temple where Buddha achieved enlightenment is also iconic landmark in Bihar. Muchalinda Lake is another popular destination among pilgrims. It is believed that the lake acquired its name after the Snake King Muchalinda who saved Buddha during a storm while he was meditating.
Bihar also houses Mundeshwari, one of the oldest Hindu temples of India, always buzzing with bells and chants around the four headed Shiv. In addition to this, Rajgir Hot Springs also remain popular among travellers for possessing medicinal properties.
Bihar proudly houses a number of world renowned wildlife parks exhibiting a wide array of wild beasts. Visit the Palamau Tiger Reserve housing an entire caboodle of flora, a perfect delight for every cameraman. Travellers visiting here get mesmerising with the majestic vistas of exquisite water-falls, making it an ideal dwelling for Wolves, jungle cats, leopards, tigers, etc. Rajgir Sanctuary is another popular refuge among wildlife enthusiasts offering great opportunities to see Leopard, Hyena, Barking Deer and Nilgai. Apart from this, destinations like Gautam Buddha Sanctuary, Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary and Udhwa Lake Bird Sanctuary can also be added in the itinerary of wildlife buffs visiting Bihar.
Dance and music are lifelines of the locals of Bihar, adding to their festivities and daily lifestyle. Thumar or Barahmasa is a popular folk song sung by females in Bihar while they work in paddy plantation. Also, Sohar is sung to celebrate childbirth whereas Sumangali is hummed during marriage ceremonies.? In addition, Bidesia Dance is a popular dance form in Bihar that targets communal issues occurring in the society. The locals also perform Kajari Dance to welcome the rainy reason. Paika Dance of Bihar depicts martial arts exhibiting the capability of locals to use weaponries.
A shopping spree in Bihar is all about buying hand-woven raw Tussar silk, Tikulis, Zari embroidery and Kashida work on fabric. Bihar is also known for beautiful Madhubani paintings portraying the local cultures. These paintings, painted on both paper and cloth, wonderfully capture the daily chores, flora & fauna and mythological gods. Travellers can also pick some bead-ornaments and local handicrafts from the range of stores dotted here.
The festivals of Bihar are known for being colourful. Chatth Puja, celebrated in March and November, is the most popular festival of this state where the locals honour ‘Sun God’ by singing folk songs and fasting for the wellbeing of their loved ones. Sama-Chakeva is another famous festival of Bihar celebrated to rejoice the brother sister relationship. In addition to this, Tila Sankranti (January), marking the beginning of the summer season, is also lionized by the locals of Bihar with great fervour.
Bihar brings to you some must-try food items, mirroring the variety of cultures residing here. Start with the delicious Litti Chokha (wheat and sattu with spices served with mashed boiled vegetables), the heart and soul of Bihar. Try Chana Ghugni (boiled chickpeas fried with onion and spices), a spicy-tangy evening snack that makes a perfect combo with tea. Those having sweet tooth can relish the taste of Khaja (made by deep frying wheat flour, sugar and mawa), Kheer Makhana (roasted makhana cooked with milk and sugar) and Malpua (mixture of flour, milk, sugar and mashed bananas).
The weather of Bihar is mostly divided into summer, winter and monsoon. The best time to visit Bihar is between October and February when the weather remains good enough to relish outdoor activities. For those who wish to eye the wildlife attractions in Bihar, summer months are ideal. However, do not forget to stay well hydrated to avoid the harshness of the scorching sun.
Bihar is well connected with major cities of India by daily flights landing at the Jai Prakash Narayan Domestic Airport in Patna. Railways also connect the state from the east to the northern parts of the country. Express and superfast trains link Patna, Gaya and other towns and cities in Bihar to Delhi, Lucknow, Calcutta, Varanasi, Amritsar, Mumbai, Siliguri and Guwahati. In addition, those travelling by road can take the National Highway passing through Patna and linking with other roads and state highways.
Travelling in Bihar is an easy task, provided the number of easily available modes of transportation here. Local buses are available in abundance, connecting the state well. Those looking for a private ride can book metered taxis. In addition, for short distances, auto rickshaws are perfect and most reasonable picks.
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